Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few related varieties of garments originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and nineteenth generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western entire world as sleeping attire for men right until the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase has become Utilized in London shops. A colleague furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is actually as a result of White Ants."
Traditional pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made of smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals choose to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night fits.
Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats had been quite pidzame common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early twenty-very first century These are rather uncommon.
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, a person-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by small children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've often involved the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a kind of short dress top more than shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas might these days consult with Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US in which they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting pidzame of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.